Would appreciate inputs on a few queries I have.
a) Stretching Proportions-
So the most accepted system of proportions for a well proportioned human revolve around 8 heads or the 5 eye line. Now, if I have to stretch that to create a 12-14 head tall character (hulk/supervillian/fashion diva), do I -
i) simply make every landmark a certain multiple of the head length (like 1.25 times a head) or
ii) is it more desirable to stretch certain relations while keeping certain others constant? (For eg, keep the ribs’ & pelvis’ landmarks consistent with the head while stretching out the limbs, neck more).
As an aside, is there any similar system of proportion for animals that is as widely accepted?
b) Drawing Heads-
i) After one learns the ‘Planes of the Head’ off of internet images, which are some of the sculpture busts/ portrait paintings/artists you would recommend to a beginner to solidify the planes?
Essentially, I’m seeking artistic interpretations which are simple (rather than photos of real people) based on the assumption that they would be more exemplary of the planes.
ii) Does the size of the eye socket (orbit) vary from person to person or due to ethnicity?
With images on the internet, it seems that there is quite a gap between the eyeball & the edges of the orbit. However, when I feel my face, I can feel the bone around the socket hugging the eyeball quite closely. So, to me anyway, the sockets seem to be more oval (ie typical Egyptian eye-shaped) rather than the RayBan aviator shape. Am I misinterpreting something? (I’m an Indian btw).
iii) What is the fat pad over the eyebrow called? (The name would help with googling, :)).
In my case, it covers the upper eyelid partly. My question is, does it ever extend across the length of the eyebrow towards the inner part of the eye? Or does it stop at the middle?
iv) What are high cheekbones? Is it that the zygomatic bones are closer to the eye socket? Or is it that the zygomatic bones are larger &/or wider?
Also, what is the widest point on the head? Is it the front part of the zygomatic that’s on the face or the part that’s nearer the ear on the side of the head?
v) What are some good resources that deal with racial differences when it comes to heads?
Also, can anyone recommend a good book/resource on facial cosmetic/plastic surgery with plenty of images that’ll help demystify the face?
c) Range of Motion-
Can anyone point to a good book/resource than simply explains the range of motion of various joints in the human body, like for eg, the scapulo-humeral/thoracic joints or the spine, pelvis etc.? Most of my googling has resulted in biomechanical studies that involve a lot of text but very few images. I’d just like something simple & illustrative.
Many thanks for your time. Much obliged!