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  05 May 2009
Free Learning/Where to Start.

Free Learning.

The beauty of this business is that anyone can practice it. Not everybody can afford, or is in a position to participate in formal Computer Graphics education. There is an alternative: Free Learning. Hardware is not free but there are free and open source applications you can use to teach yourself. If you have an internet connection and a reasonable computer you have all you need to start. Most of the software has forums and communities that offer support in the form of tutorials and solutions to technical problems, on CGTalk and elsewhere on the web. I am compiling this thread as an alternative and an aid to formal education and invite members to participate with suggestions and links (updates, dead link reports etc.) in the posts below so I can add to,and edit this list. I could provide a price list but we are interested in free and open source resources.

Free 3D Software

3D Canvas
3dom
Anim8or
Art of Illusion
Aztec
Blender
Calimax Modeller
DeleD Lite
Equinox3D
GameSpace Light

Houdini apprentice
JTEdit
K-3D
Loq Airou
MakeHuman (pre-alpha version)
Metasequoia LE
Moonlight3D
OpenFX
OpenTeddy
Pretty Poly Editor
PFTrack PLE
(added fuzzylizard)
Sculptris
(added ahmedtelb)
Softimage 7.5 Mod Tool
added fuzzylizard)
VUE 7 Infinite/XStrem PLE
(added fuzzylizard)
Vue 7 Pioneer
(added fuzzylizard)
Wings3D

Free 2D Software
List alternative 2d editors(addedthecathyinthehat)
Alchemy (added ahmedtelb)
Art Weaver (addedahmedtelb)
CinePaint (updatemurdock64)
GraphicsGale
Inkscape (added
gantayet )
ImageForge
MyPaint (added ahmedtelb)
Plastic Animation Paper (PAP) (added mahir)
Paint.NET
Pencil
(added mahir)
PhotoPlus Freeware
Pixarra Twisted Brush (added Creeto)
Pixia (editedhalen)
Splashup
(added Animasta)
Sumopaint (added halen)
The Gimp
Ultimate Paint

Game Engines
CryEngine 3
UDK 3
Unity3d
50 free engines (or elements)


Compositing Software

Nuke 5 PLE
(added fuzzylizard)
Voodoo Camera Tracker
(added craigjarvis)

Free specialst apps (added ThomasTheToolman
)
http://www.hdrshop.com
http://graphics.uni-konstanz.de/~luft/ivy_generator
http://www.aqsis.org
http://www.mapzoneeditor.com
http://web.archive.org/web/20020201...bmrt/index.html
http://photofiltre.free.fr
http://www.scribus.net
(added ahmedtelb)
http://celtx.com
(added ahmedtelb)

Nothing is for Free.

Is what they say, and this area of Computer Graphics is no exception. While software and lessons can cost nothing, time and effort on your part will be expensive. You will have a much easier time if you love CG instead of like it. If you are inventive and enjoy solving problems there is no reason why you can't produce a professional standard port folio which you can use to sell yourself. If you aren't sure CG is for you then you are free to try it and see, and this will cost you nothing but your time. If you do decide to pursue this vocation I would advise combining this material with art instruction. Libraries and the web are full of free art information and techniques that can prove very effective when studied.

Hardware.

While much of this software will run on a standard home PC there are a few things you can do to improve your experience.

Your computer's operating system should be professional. Home versions usually perform poorly. There is more software and information available for Windows at the moment.

Your computer's hard drive should be de fragmented frequently especially if you have deleted large files. This will leave big holes on your drive and slow your computer down. If possible partition your computer so that your work files are on a separate drive and only applications and the system should live on your internal drive. This will speed up your computer and in the event of a corrupt motherboard all your work files will be safe. A computer crammed full of music and games will be much less efficient.

One good anti virus application and one good antispyware application are enough. Update them and scan on a regular basis.

Before you download applications you intend to work with check the hardware and software requirements on the site you are downloading from. These are usually a starting point statistics and you don't want to download and install something you can't use. These requirements are normally quite low but if your computer fails to meet them on more than a few occasions then it is time to upgrade. If the software you are using preforms badly or not at all check to see your graphics card is sufficient for the task and that you are using the most recent drivers for the card. Other than that the software's forums can usually get you up and running with any technical issues.

If you are following tutorials or extensively using reference material two monitors are a godsend. If your graphics card supports this you can have your application on one screen and the lesson material on another. Many lessons are very intensive and have to be followed step by step, a second monitor will save you the headache of continuously flipping between application. If you are strapped for cash ensure you have at least one good monitor that represents colours well and if you can't afford it an el cheapo second monitor will do for reference material.

Graphics tablet.

You can paint a Rembrandt with a mouse, there are some people who can and do but for most of us a graphics tablet is essential. If you are used to programming or light editing applications then you might think this is nonsense. Heavy 3d and 2d work is very intensive and although a tablet may feel alien at first you will quickly get used to the natural work flow and wonder how you could live without it. Many hours of study and project work can result in RSI (Repetitive Strain Injury) or the tennis arm of computer jocks. You don't want it. Get a tablet. Like all hardware and software bigger and more expensive is not always best depending on your requirements. I have an economical little wacom bamboo which is very portable and whizzes over my dual monitor setup with ease. Because you can zoom with every application even a small tablet will provide you with the ability to add all the detail you need.

Work and study

Get a comfortable chair. Often terribly expensive multi adjustable office chairs end up in fire sales simply because they have fallen out of fashion, they are normally very well designed for the job of sailing you through your education and can be acquired cheaply. Make sure it reclines a little and do this occasionally.

When studying or working take frequent breaks and walk about your home studio a bit. When concentrating make a conscious effort to relax your shoulders and posture from time to time.

If you fire up a new application the first place you should go is the beginners tutorials, even if you are more advanced. These lessons are to help you explore functions and the interface not make an apple. Nearly all applications come bundled with getting started exercises and when you have done these you can find more on the web. Some students find tutorials difficult to follow and it may take a while for you to get used to them. Do not fear everyone has to start somewhere. When you are faced with something that seems unsolvable, take a pause, run around the block. Often a little distance from the task will allow your brain to relax and the answer will come by itself. As you get more comfortable with the applications and the learning process you will be able to follow tutorials made for other applications or even in other languages as you will only be looking for principles you can use instead of a step by step explanation. If you find good lessons bookmark them as you may want to return months later. There is really so much to know that when you discover a process or technique that you know you will need later, make notes. This will save a lot of time.

What to make

CG, 2 and 3D are such wide fields that it can be a real problem deciding what to produce. Everything from fantasy concept art to hardcore engineering and practically all areas in between use CG. Take some time to surf the web and visit company sites to see what work gets your interest. Do a little in each area and see what you enjoy most. There are two ways you can go: what is selling at the moment, or what you like the most. Doing what you most enjoy may be harder in the beginning, but easier in the long run. If you find you are not a creative guru yet there are plenty of competitions here and all over the net to get you started. When you first begin everything you make will seem amazing,... to you! If all is going to plan your work should look pretty horrid to others. This is fairly normal. Don't be discouraged, keep forging ahead.

Forums


Next to the web itself forums and communities are your single greatest resource. Treat them with respect because sooner or later they always come in handy. Refrain from being argumentative or rude and remember that if someone disagrees with you it doesn't necessarily mean they are wrong. Like wise if you get rude posts ignore them. Forums are generally very well moderated and your behaviour will be noticed. Never enter a discussion on piracy as every forum and community has rules against this. Getting banned is a waste of time, get on with learning, there is a lot to do. Try and help others as often as your time will allow. Leaving helpful comments and positive criticisms is how this whole bizz works. Never feel under qualified to leave a response except in intensely technical threads as your simple observation may be greatly appreciated.

(idea eldee) Finding good tutorials is also an art. In the beginning you can find links to useful tutorials on the websites of the makers of your downloaded software. Like I said many of these applications spawn communities and forums so try to find these. Google is your friend

Some places you can go:

For you painters, concept artists, character designers/builders

Art Techniques and Theories Forum

http://conceptart.org

Artistic Anatomy and Figurative Art




For your work in progress

WIP/Critique: 3D Stills

WIP/Critique: Game Art Design

WIP/Critique: Animation

For more information on study, workflow, attending networking events, building a portfolio, making and sending a demo reel, buy and read Ed Harriss's book
CGSociety - How to get a Job in Computer Animation

Have fun and may the force be with you,

Cheers Chris




The software lists and links above were compiled mainly by Veovis of gamedev.net and contributors to this thread. Thanks guys and gals.
__________________
The terminal velocity of individual particles is directly related to pink rabbits on a bank holiday.
Characters, Games, Toys

Last edited by Kanga : 05 May 2012 at 11:20 AM.
 
  05 May 2009
Nice thread

For 2D software, there's also a free browser-based photoshop clone called Splashup.
http://www.splashup.com/
 
  05 May 2009
Originally Posted by Animasta: Nice thread

For 2D software, there's also a free browser-based photoshop clone called Splashup.
http://www.splashup.com/

Thanks Animasta
Added

Cheers Chris
__________________
The terminal velocity of individual particles is directly related to pink rabbits on a bank holiday.
Characters, Games, Toys
 
  05 May 2009
Nice job kanga, a great list!

Also worth noting, MrBluesummers has been working on http://www.3dcodex.com/ a 3D Tutorial aggrigator. From the testing he's done so far it's looking pretty useful to those trying to get a handle on starting out, as you can search for tutorials on various skill levels and focuses.

The downside is that he hasn't finished it completely (as of today anyway), so it goes up and down every now and then.
__________________

 
  05 May 2009
Originally Posted by eldee: Nice job kanga, a great list!

Also worth noting, MrBluesummers has been working on http://www.3dcodex.com/ a 3D Tutorial aggrigator. From the testing he's done so far it's looking pretty useful to those trying to get a handle on starting out, as you can search for tutorials on various skill levels and focuses.

The downside is that he hasn't finished it completely (as of today anyway), so it goes up and down every now and then.

Hi eldee, and thanks.
Yaman, nice database. I thought about putting up a list here also compiled by Veovis. Trouble with tutorial lists is they are HUGE. There are just so many of them. The intrepid individals who put loads of time and love into these tutes are partially responsible for why so many of us have come so far in the first place. They are privatly hosted for the most part which means these lists tend to go dead after a while because things happen and they fall off the interwebs. The lists are hard to maintain because of that.

Never the less its worth a note! So added.
Thanks again man.

Cheerio Chris
__________________
The terminal velocity of individual particles is directly related to pink rabbits on a bank holiday.
Characters, Games, Toys

Last edited by Kanga : 06 June 2009 at 03:07 AM.
 
  06 June 2009
As an update

* Maya PLE is no more
* Vue 7 Pioneer is a completely free terrain and environment modeling and animation program
* VUE 7 Infinite/XStrem PLE
* PFTrack has a PLE version as well
* Softimage 7.5 Mod Tool

Compositing Software
* Nuke 5 PLE

- PLE = Personal Learning Edition
 
  07 July 2010
Talking Thanks!

Thank you so much for posting this, I am a beginner and this was greatly helpful. Impressive list , and a new graphics tablet may be coming my way
 
  09 September 2011
Help for the Intelluctually Impoverished.

From the "Learning" post I tried to download Pencil.
I have a bunch of stuff from that effort. 10 Files. Two tries and I have two Pencil files.
But cannot open the "Pencil" file.

Where is the "Operator Lead Through" for the "Software Challenged" old farts?
The page is full of info, but no instructions.
What to do next?

This reminds me of a Cop or Teacher trying to get some information or response from a Sullen student.
 
  09 September 2011
Originally Posted by thudpucker: From the "Learning" post I tried to download Pencil.
I have a bunch of stuff from that effort. 10 Files. Two tries and I have two Pencil files.
But cannot open the "Pencil" file.

Where is the "Operator Lead Through" for the "Software Challenged" old farts?
The page is full of info, but no instructions.
What to do next?

This reminds me of a Cop or Teacher trying to get some information or response from a Sullen student.

From the website I saw the application is from 2008. Google pencil install problems brings these posts up. I would look for an alternative and if I dont hear from you that it works I will withdraw it from the list.
Quote: Oh dear, so this has been my third late night trying to install synfig! Is there something I'm missing? I mean, am I SUPPOSED to download all these different things before I can use it or is there one giant .EXE which I can just download and run. At least on this attempt they had instructions on how to install it, but I got a third of the way through, and they started explaining it like I know exactly what they're talking about. I'm an Animator, not a computer technician! Did you have any problems putting it together Will? I'm annoyed I spent a part of my night installing god knows what, just to get lost in a river of computer babble.

Not all free software is user friendly at the install stage I agree. Mostly though you can get it running with a bit of research, ..... not always though.

GL. man
__________________
The terminal velocity of individual particles is directly related to pink rabbits on a bank holiday.
Characters, Games, Toys

Last edited by Kanga : 09 September 2011 at 08:19 PM.
 
  09 September 2011
Smile

RE: Pencil,
I tried to download it again and got the same blank stare.

When I click on the little Pencil Icon, I get an err message:
"The Program can't start because < mingwm10.dll> is missing from your computer. Try reinstalling the program to fix this problem."

I have Win-7 (Dell Inispiron) and don't know where to go from here.
 
  09 September 2011
http://pcsupport.about.com/od/findb...ssing-error.htm

Have a read. How to fix your problem.
You are lucky its windows, this error comes up more often so there are answers available.
__________________
The terminal velocity of individual particles is directly related to pink rabbits on a bank holiday.
Characters, Games, Toys
 
  09 September 2011
Unhappy

Many Thanks Kanga.
You scared me to death. I hardly know anything about PC's and that Win-7 Error table list finished me off.
I deleted all traces of Pencil and will go on with some other programs till I find one I can used without having Nightmares while learning.
 
  11 November 2016
cool

cool thanks for the thread
 
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