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Old 05-23-2013, 11:26 AM   #1
Martin Kenzel
Salzburg, Austria
Join Date: Feb 2007
Posts: 38
Dup. Reference --> Instances

Hello there,
I'm currently working on a big env shot and the amount of cars is exploding right now. As we initially expected only a few vehicles to be in there (mostly vegetation) I referenced them in and just duplicated the references of the specific cars when I wanted to place multiple of the same type. The referenced file is simply a rough Proxy shape of the car's elements with links to high detail .mi files in the shape nodes (exported WITH material for the wheels and base, exported WITHOUT materials for the paint, so I could apply paint variation via the proxy shape that is referenced into the main scene)

as I said, the amount of cars is getting really high now and I have to figure out how to move from referencing to instancing without having to stage every single car again. The problem is that reference duplicates work the same as copying the meshes multiple times - the shape nodes aren't instanced but coiped, so mentalray is loading the .mi file AGAIN for every single car of the same type. So, right now, I'm looking for a nice way to convert those reference duplicates to Instances, where my transform nodes remain but the shape nodes are instanced (like car01:car01 to car10:car01 all have their separate transform nodes car01:base_msh to car10:base_msh, but share the same shape car01:base_mshShape)

I hope I could somewhat describe the problem - right now, when rendering kicks off, maya loads the reference duplicates of car01 seperately and then the .mi shapes, that are linked within them again separately......which is slow as....I can't even make up a pun to describe. So, by converting the separate objects to instances I'm hoping that the .mi files will only be loaded once, but right now I have no idea how to approach this conversion.

I'm currently working on a soultion together with our scripting guy, but maybe someone here could give us input or has even made a similar script that I could use.

thanks alot, cheers
Old 05-23-2013, 12:58 PM   #2
Martin Kenzel
Salzburg, Austria
Join Date: Feb 2007
Posts: 38
alright, we could come up with a solution using a script that Joojaa posted here . My coworker Helmut Kriegseisen simply wrote a small script to run before the one above which does the selection work for you:

global proc hk_selT ()
string $sel[] = `ls -sl`;
string $shapes[] = `listRelatives -f -s $sel[0]`;
string $tmp[];
tokenize $sel[0] "|" $tmp;
$selN = $tmp[size($tmp)-1];

$selC = `ls -ap $selN`;
select -cl;
select -add $shapes[0];
for ($i=0; $i<size($selC); $i++)
if ($selC[$i] != $sel[0])
{select -add $selC[$i];}

so, for anyone interested, the workflow is as follows:

1) Import all the Reference Duplicates
2) Delete all namespaces of those References
3) Select one car part mesh (eg. Paint_msh) and run the hk_selT script
4) rum Joojaa's instancing script
5) Repeat for all car parts and car models
6) reapply your shader assignmants (in my case, the paint variations get lost obviously because the duplicate shapes are deleted. but reassigning my shaders is a one-klick thing, as I ot them organized in selection sets anyways)

Just thought I'd share the solution here in case someone might run into the same problem
Old 05-23-2013, 12:58 PM   #3
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