The French Foreign Legion has inherited traditions of foreign troops who have served France since the Middle Ages. Most people have heard of the Scottish Guards of Charles the VIIth, the Swiss Guards of the Bourbon Kings, and Napoleon's Polish Lancers.
Louis Philippe, "King of the French" created the French Foreign Legion on March 10, 1831.
The Legion has paid much in human lives during combat and pacification operations in which France has been involved. Since 1831, 902 officers, 3,176 NCOs, and over 30,000 legionnaires have died for France. Foreigners by birth, the legionnaires have become Frenchmen by the blood they have spilled.